Before the 20th century and the introduction of spring coils, most mattresses were made out of hay, horse hair, or feathers. Nowadays, different materials are used in mattress construction, including memory foam, gel, latex, and metal coils. Inner coils come in four types and are designed to either conform to the human body or minimize motion transfer so that sleeping partners aren't disturbed by the other person's movements. Mattresses can also be filled with air or water, and some are even made from eco-friendly materials that are ethically sourced and assembled in the United States. The upholstery layer can be constructed using foam, polyester, wool, cotton fiber, felt, non-woven fiber pads, or flexible polyurethane. Mattresses that are made from polyfoams or memory foam are petroleum-based and highly flammable. To have them pass fire safety tests, manufacturers may douse them in flame retardant chemicals or encase them in synthetic fabrics infused with flame retardants. Natural flame retardant alternatives such as recycled polyester, organic wool, organic latex, organic cotton, or other plant-based materials.

There are three primary types of mattresses including innerspring (traditional), memory foam, and hybrid, which is a combination of the first two. Mattresses come in standard industry sizes, from Twin to Queen to California King, and are available in different thicknesses and firmness levels, and may include cooling layers or pillow tops. Each type of mattress affords a good sleep for different body types (petite, average, large), health conditions (chronic back pains), and sleeping styles including side, back, or stomach sleeping positions. Custom sizes can be ordered for unique spaces such as RVs or campers, and standard extra-long sizes are available to accommodate taller individuals. Box springs, bases, frames and other additional products are also available for purchase to accompany the mattress. Adjustable beds are another alternative category that is gaining popularity and can accommodate the general population as well as the elderly, disabled or those who suffer from sleep disorders such as snoring and restless leg syndrome. There are also beds for special needs children that usually can be covered under private insurance, if available, or through Medicaid.

When shopping for a mattress, never assume the list price is the final price, regardless of whether there is a sale in progress or not. Similar to shopping for an automobile, a deal can be made. Some companies only operate online, with mattresses being shipped directly to the consumer. With the wide variety of mattresses to choose from, customer support services are essential in rounding out a satisfied purchase. Check to see if the company offers financing options, as well as free delivery service and a home trial period, which can last from 30 to 100 nights. A typical warranty period is ten years, but some companies offer up to 25 years. Be sure to read the warranty carefully because many may not provide expected coverage. Refund policies may include pick-up and restocking charges, and a full refund may or may not be available on all products. Many mattresses are still made or constructed in the U.S.A., which may be important to some consumers. Multiple methods of customer contact may be available including live chat, email, or by phone.

Because the purchase of a mattress takes a significant amount of time and research, and because the product will be owned for ten years or more, knowing a company’s reputation and trustworthiness is important. Two recommended sites to verify a company’s reputation is the Better Business Bureau for business accreditation and for online consumer reviews.


Top 10 Companies

Our Partner
9.7 / 10
  • Full refund and free pickup as part of satisfaction guarantee
  • 100-Day trial from the moment the mattress arrives at your door
  • In-home setup and delivery for the new Purple® models
  • American-made in Utah
  • Purple Smart Comfort Grid® relieves pressure, sleeps cool, and isolates motion
  • Premium 10-year warranty
Our Partner
9.3 / 10
  • Beds manufactured to order
  • 120-day home trial with a full refund, minus the delivery fee
  • Free white glove delivery includes full installation
  • USA-made in 19 different factories
  • Eco-friendly foam, recycled steel, organic cotton, and a natural flame-resistant barrier
  • Free white glove delivery & mattress removal
Our Partner
9.2 / 10
  • Hybrid mattress combines the best features of memory foam and spring mattresses
  • 100-night home trial and a 10-year warranty
  • Made in the USA by Serta Simmons Bedding
  • Free 2 to 3-day shipping in the contiguous United States
  • White Glove delivery service offered at an additional cost
Our Partner
9.2 / 10
  • Test your Nectar mattress at home for 365 nights
  • Forever Warranty, for as long as you have the mattress
  • Free shipping and returns
  • Customer support 7 days a week
  • Lease-to-own financing plan
Our Partner
9.2 / 10
  • 120-day home trial, with a penalty-free refund
  • 15-year warranty, which is not voided by using a platform bed
  • Delivery includes full-service setup and free mattress and foundation removal (up to two items)
  • Multi-layer construction, including a cooling gel layer for a cool night’s sleep
  • Choose from two comfort levels, L&L Relaxed Firm and L&L Firm
  • Hand-crafted with eco-friendly foams in the USA
Our Partner
9.1 / 10
  • Every mattress is custom built for each customer's needs
  • 100-night sleep trial
  • 10-year warranty 
  • Quick delivery in 6-10 days
  • Zero% financing available
  • Can support a combined weight of up to 500lbs
  • Certified CertiPUR® foams
Our Partner
8.9 / 10
  • 4 different models of dual-sided firmness level mattresses
  • Handmade in the USA
  • 120-night free trial
  • Free shipping and returns
  • Limited Lifetime Warranty
  • Bedding accessories available include smart or adjustable frames, pillows and tencel sheets
Our Partner
8.7 / 10
  • 120-night in-home trial period
  • Free shipping and full refund policy
  • 10-year warranty
  • Diamond Breeze technology ensures a cool-to-the-touch sleeping experience
  • Online mattress quiz to determine the best mattress for each individual
  • Affordable yet high-quality bedding products
Our Partner
8.6 / 10
  • Smart sleep technology specifically designed for the smart home
  • Online purchasing with direct home delivery
  • Sleep, temperature, heart, and respiratory rate monitoring and tracking
  • Uses technology based on 10 million hours of monitored sleep 
  • Connects to health and fitness apps for both iOS or Android
  • 100-night sleep trial with no restocking fees
  • 10-year limited foam warranty, full refund, and no return fees
Our Partner
8.5 / 10
  • Made with 100% natural Talalay latex, organic New Zealand wool, and organic cotton
  • Hypoallergenic, resistant to mold and dust mites, and toxin-free
  • Free white glove delivery & mattress removal
  • Two firmness levels in the same mattress: Luxury Plush and Gentle Firm
  • 120-day home trial and a 15-year warranty
Don't see the business you are looking for?
Suggest a Business

How We Compare Mattresses

Product Features



Mattresses come in a variety of sizes, shapes, materials, and levels of firmness. Choosing the right one for your particular needs will then depend on a multiplicity of factors, including any health conditions you may have as well as your sleeping position and habits, and whether you share your bed with a partner that has different sleep needs and preferences. Mattresses also come in several different sizes, including:

  • Twin (38''x 80")
  • Twin Long or XL (38''x 80'')
  • Full (53'' x 75'')
  • Full Long or XL (53'' x 80'')
  • Queen (60'' x 80")
  • California King (72'' x 84'')
  • King (76'' x 80'')


Mattresses are manufactured from a surprisingly large amount of materials, which determine the type of bed frame to be used and the need for a boxspring or topper. In the United States and Canada, the most commonly purchased type of mattress is innerspring. However, this trend has slowly begun to change with consumers' ever-increasing interest in foam and latex core mattresses.

Innerspring mattresses are comprised of an inner core or support layer made of steel coil springs that bear the weight of the sleeper's body and has an upholstered comfort layer that can be made from a variety of different materials. There are four different types of coils that offer varying levels of support: Bonnell, offset, continuous, and Marshall. Offset and continuous coils have similar body-contouring effects, whereas Marshall coils (also known as wrapped, encased, or pocket springs) are generally pre-compressed in order to increase firmness and allow for motion separation between the different sides of the bed.

Foam mattresses, on the other hand, use different weights, densities, and thicknesses of petrochemical-based, flexible polyurethane, memory foam (visco-elastic foams), or latex rubber foams, some of which also incorporate plant-based content. Latex foams are usually made from a blend of petrochemicals and natural latex, although some manufacturers leave out polyurethane-based chemicals. Latex foams are made via either the Talalay or Dunlop processes, which provide different levels of firmness (Talalay is softer due to its incorporation of more air, whereas Dunlop offers more support and is actually considerably heavier). High-density mattresses, on the other hand, use a highly compacted foam that tends to have more longevity than traditional foam mattresses. When high-density foam is paired with an innerspring, the product lasts even longer, and sagging is minimized. 

Memory foam mattresses are composed of two layers of foam: conforming visco-elastic over a firmer polyurethane core. The visco-elastic provides the famous memory foam comfort, which can relieve pressure on painful joints by molding itself to the sleeper's body. Though this type of latex generally sleeps warmer than traditional, springform mattresses, (the foam retains heat, and actually firms up in cooler temperatures), manufacturers have implemented various measures to combat this and improve air circulation. Manufacturers also incorporated faster response times, so the foam springs back quicker from the depressions formed by sleepers. 

Upholstery Layer Material

Innerspring mattresses have an upholstery layer typically comprised of three parts: the insulator, center upholstery, and quilt topping. It's where the mattress gains its cushioning and support, which is why it's also called the comfort layer. The materials from which it is manufactured include various types of foam, polyester, wool or cotton fiber, felt, and non-woven fiber pads. These are generally flame-retardant, which may pose health risks, increasing sensitivity for certain types of cancer or fertility issues. It's therefore important to verify which fire retardants were used on the mattress. Natural retardants such as wool or fiber are generally non-toxic, but another good tip is checking if the mattress has a TB 117-2013 label, indicating that it meets standards without the use of fire retardant chemicals.


To ensure you are purchasing a product that has been duly tested and has met high-quality control standards, look for mattresses that have the following labels and certifications:

TB 117-2013 Label: This is a new flammability regulation standard for upholstered furniture, which ensures better fire safety without the need for flame retardant chemicals.

Standard 100 by OEKO-TEX: The Standard 100 is a worldwide independent testing and certification system for textile products and accessory materials. Its testing criteria take into account such factors as the use of banned colorants, materials, and chemicals, environmentally-relevant substance classes, requirements from the US Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act, and more.

GOTS Standard: The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) is the leading textile processing standard for organic fibers. This standard is backed by independent certification of the entire textile supply chain. Its criteria for fiber production includes the organic certification of fibers on the basis of internationally recognized standards as well as environmental, legal, and social criteria.

GOLS Standard: The Global Organic Latex Standard is the first global standard for organic latex which outlines requirements for latex products made from non-organic and organic raw materials. To achieve GOLS certification, products must contain over 95% organic raw material, yet there are permissible limits for harmful substances, emission test requirements, and polymer and fiber percentages.

CertiPUR-US: This certification program is administered by a not-for-profit organization that seeks to ensure products are made without ozone depleters, harmful flame retardants, mercury, lead, or other heavy metals, formaldehyde, and phthalates.

UL Greenguard: This certification is part of UL Environment, a division of Underwriters Laboratories, and it promotes the creation of products and materials with low chemical emissions.



Let's face it, money matters. If you're purchasing a mattress, you're likely looking to make an investment that will provide you with up to a decade of comfort and restful sleep. You can get excellent deals on mattresses during national holidays, periodic sales, and overstock sales. Take advantage of any available discounts, try to test the product before purchasing it, and ask about refund policies, shipping costs, and financing options. Most online retailers and mattress companies allow customers to get full refunds within a specific timeframe, while others are willing to offer its products at discounted rates for military service members and students. Shop around and compare multiple options, always looking at pricing details and service features that could make or break the deal.

Service Features


Mattress purchases are generally large, and the investment into an item that should hopefully last at least a decade is therefore important. When this doesn't turn out as expected, and the $1,000+ you've spent result in a mattress that can quite literally cause you pain to sleep on, the importance of good customer support turns invaluable. It's also an undeniable fact that mattresses deteriorate over time. Since matttresses are an item that receives continuous use, often after a cursory trial at a showroom, unexpected issues are bound to arise (the number-one complaint is overly rapid deterioration, which is only noticeable after time). It is therefore doubly important to fully understand your warranty and return policy. Savvy consumers will also want to look into trial periods, delivery options, and the company's customer service standards to ensure they are purchasing a mattress from a customer-driven company that will allow them to return the product if needed.


In the United States, manufacturer's warranties are typically between 10 to 20 years, though some can extend up to 25 years. Generally, mattresses are either replaced for a nominal fee within a specific time period, if defects are due to manufacturing or faster-than-expected- deterioration, and not misuse. Subsequently, mattresses are usually subject to repair or can be replaced for a percentage of the sales price. Warranty specifics will always vary according to each specific manufacturer or company, but are generally only valid if certain measures are taken, such as the use of continuous support bedframes, with a certain number of legs, and cross-slats, for instance. 

Return Policy

Return policies are determined by either the seller or the manufacturer, which in some cases may be the same. 60-night sleep trials are fairly standard, although some companies will grant a trial period of up to 120 days. Breaking in a new mattress can take approximately 8-10 weeks, so this trial period is important. Some companies require the customer to sleep on the new mattress for a minimum of thirty days, after which the second thirty-day period is available for replacing the mattress of equal or greater value. Fees to look out for include re-stocking, delivery, pick-up, installation or replacement.

Company Reputation


A company's reputation is important because it gives the consumer another good measure by which to determine its legitimacy. Many mattress manufacturers are well-established, but it can be difficult to obtain information on newer companies that are online-only. Companies that are committed to maintaining and fostering positive relationships with its customers will receive better online customer reviews. Beware, however, of businesses with an unusually high number of positive reviews and very few negative ones, as some companies have been known to pay for good feedback. It's always best to check independent review sites such as the Better Business Bureau and, rather than rely solely on reviews posted on the company's page.

What's important to know about Mattresses?

What is the difference between an innerspring mattress and a foam mattress?

An innerspring mattress is the traditional type of mattress that has been around for over a hundred years. A core made up of a collection of metal coils or springs is designed to support your weight. This core is covered by a layer of padding and fabric so you will not usually feel each individual coil.

A foam mattress is a more recent development. The entirety of the mattress is constructed from foam, which can be latex foam, visco-elastic or memory foam, or another type of high-density foam like polyurethane foam. Instead of just supporting the weight of the sleeper, foam mattresses envelop the shape of the body. Memory foam mattresses are the most common type and they are called this because they mold to and hold the shape of the sleeper's body.

Both types of mattresses have pros and cons. While innerspring mattresses tend to transfer more movement than foam mattresses, the latter heats up more easily, often making sleepers feel like the room is warmer. Check out our article, "What's the Best Mattress For Me?" to learn more about the different types of mattresses.

Can I recycle my mattress?

Yes, you can! And, in fact, if you live in California, Rhode Island, or Connecticut, you are required by law to recycle your old mattress. When you drop your mattress off at a specialized recycling center, the company strips off the recyclable materials for repurposing: the metal coils can be melted down and turned into steel beams, the wooden slats can be turned into landscaping mulch or used as fuel, and the foam can be reused for all manner of things such as the padding in a dog bed. To find a mattress recycling center near you, check out Bye Bye Mattress, a program of the non-profit Mattress Recycling Council. If you don't live near a mattress recycling center, consider donating it to a charitable entity if it is still in good condition. Otherwise, make sure you follow your local regulations for disposing of it.

What is the best type of mattress for a child?

When buying a mattress for your child, there are other considerations you should take besides comfort. Since the average lifespan of a quality mattress is around 10 years, you should look for a mattress that your child will be able to use for a long time. A twin mattress—or a twin XL, if your child is on the tall side—is a good size for a child to grow up with. As for the bed base, you may need to revise your choice in a few years. The height of the bed should not be too tall so your child can get in and out of bed easily and safely, but you will likely have to buy a new platform or box spring a few years down the line to accommodate your child's growth. Don't skimp on the mattress protectors: children are typically messier and more accident prone than adults, and a stain from a glass of juice or a mug of hot chocolate will void most mattress warranties instantly. Finally, be sure to check in with your child regularly to see if he or she is sleeping well. Growth spurts can happen in the blink of an eye, and a child that was sleeping well in a twin-sized mattress can quickly become a teen who sleeps with their feet hanging off the edge of the bed.

What is the best type of mattress for back problems?

Buying a new mattress can be an effective way to reduce or even eliminate your back pain. Look for a bed that can give you a good amount of support but that isn't too firm. In fact, a 2003 study found that a medium-firm mattress had a better effect on participants' lower back pain than firm mattresses. Though innerspring mattresses are most popular with back pain sufferers, some foam mattresses also offer medium and firm support. When purchasing a mattress, take advantage of any money-back guarantees so you can test-drive (or test-sleep) the mattress for a few days or weeks. Online mattress companies are especially popular for this reason since most of these companies offer 30, 60, or even 100-day home trials. Don't discount the importance of your pillow, either: the neck support a good pillow provides is essential to a good sleep. A pillow that is too hard or too soft can affect the posture of the length of your spine.

How often should I change my mattress?

Most sources indicate you should replace your mattress after eight to 10 years. If you have an innerspring mattress, you will begin to feel the springs poking your body when you sleep as the padding gets flat. If your mattress is made of foam, it will start to spring back into its original shape less quickly until your body’s indentation is permanent. Even if you don’t see these signs, you will notice your sleep quality getting worse. Once this happens, you should start shopping for a new mattress.

What does my mattress warranty cover?

Generally speaking, mattress warranties don’t cover normal wear and tear, only manufacturing defects. One of the most common problems is sagging, and mattress makers set a threshold for normal sagging distance; for example, one mattress company will not cover sagging that is 1.5 inches or less. If your mattress sags more than that within the life of the warranty, you may be able to file a claim. Keep in mind, however, that there are things you must do to keep your warranty valid. For example, some manufacturers require that you use a specific base with your mattress, like a platform bed or a box spring. If you don’t, your warranty could be voided. Likewise, most mattress warranties are invalid if your mattress is stained, burned, or torn, which is why mattress protectors are universally recommended. Other things that are not covered by many mattress warranties are vermin infestations, cosmetic flaws, or damages caused by improper use. Before buying a mattress, read the warranty thoroughly to understand everything it entails.

When is the best time to buy a mattress?

New mattress models come out between May and September each year, so that is when you may find the best deals on last year’s model. You might also get a good price on a mattress around Memorial Day, 4th of July, or Labor Day. Likewise on Black Friday after Thanksgiving or Cyber Monday, if you opt for purchasing your mattress online. However, getting a cheaper mattress doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll get the best mattress. These days, buying online is a great and cheaper alternative than buying from a showroom. Online stores have less overhead costs than traditional shops and the companies can pass those savings on to you. Regardless of which option you choose, do your research. If you’re shopping in a brick-and-mortar store, try the mattress before you buy it, or take advantage of the home trial if you’re buying a mattress online.

What is the best sleeping position?

Each sleeping position has pros and cons. Sleeping on your back is most beneficial for your spine and neck health because the curve of your back will be preserved as you sleep. This means you’re less likely to feel back pain when you wake up. However, back sleeping can cause more frequent periods of non-breathing and more intense snoring in people who suffer from sleep apnea. Sleeping on your side can help with sleep apnea and snoring. Sleeping on your left side, in particular, can promote better circulation in your heart, but it can cause more back pain if you don’t have a good pillow that properly supports your neck. Side sleepers also complain of numbness in their arms and hands, since people naturally tend to tuck their hands under the pillow and put the entire weight of their head on one arm or the other. To improve your side sleeping comfort, invest in a firm pillow that can support your neck and spine and tuck a pillow between your legs to straighten out your spinal curve. Sleeping on your stomach is generally discouraged, since it flattens your spine, causing more back pain as well as impeding proper breathing.